SOUTH MORAVIAN REGION - Promoting long-planned infrastructure improvements
The South Moravian Region is heavily affected by transit traffic. Therefore, there is an urgent need to make road and rail transport along the Orient/East-Med corridor significantly faster, smoother, with less delays caused by works on tracks, offering more attractive connections and using regional transport as feeder for national and international high-speed connections.
The region has been working for many years on measures that can significantly improve the traffic situation. The support and construction of the high-speed line Prague-Brno, the new Brno railway node, the completion of the motorway to Austria and capacity increase of the motorway along the Orient/East-Med corridor are the most important challenges in long-term perspective.
The TEN-T railway line between Brno and Prague faces problems of capacity, ineffcient routing, and speed. The new high-speed line Prague-Brno and the new Brno railway node will increase the capacity both for passenger and freight trains. It speeds up connections not only between Brno and Prague, but also with the neighbouring countries.
Motorway sections around Brno are heavily congested. The Brno-Vienna motorway is as well part of the Baltic-Adriatic corridor and the most important connection between Poland, Moravia and Austria. It is necessary to complete the last section of this motorway and to extend the Prague-Brno motorway, to handle the heavy transit traffic.
Process and organisation
The Corridor Capitalisation Plan has been prepared by KORDIS JMK, applying its expert knowledge of the transport sector in the South Moravian Region. Initially, studies and analyses on rail freight transport, quantitative and qualitative aspects of road freight transport, and scenarios of development of freight transport have been realised.
The research confirmed the strong demand for the TEN-T corridor route from the Balkans to Northern Germany and Western Europe, the increased traffic intensity in the area of Brno through the routing of several major transit routes and the insufficient capacity of tracks in the section Břeclav-Brno-Prague and in the Brno railway node.
The Plan was consulted in July and September 2021 with representatives of the South Moravian Region, the operators of railway and road infrastructure and further transport experts, with particular focus on priorities and timeframes.
Results and recommendations
The Corridor Capitalisation Plan for the South Moravian Region is a supportive material for regional decisions about future passenger and freight transport. It also supports the increase of the capacity of railway infrastructure between Vienna/Bratislava, Dresden and Berlin. Content-wise, the Plan addresses the following priorities, which are translated into specific measures to be implemented by 2030 and 2050:
- Higher capacity, reliability and speed of passenger and freight transport along the multimodal link Vienna/Bratislava–Prague,
- support of planning and construction of high-speed railway lines,
- support and promotion of the increase of capacity of the Brno railway hub,
- monitoring and support of activities of multimodal cargo terminals (Brno railway terminal, Brno airport terminal, Břeclav terminal),
- integration of priorities into regional development and spatial plans, interaction with the interested public.
The development of the new Brno railway node will as well reinforce the need for thorough planning and coordination of public transport services, to serve the mobility needs of the population and to integrate complementary modes of urban transport. Therefore, authorities at all levels and transport coordinators such as KORDIS JMK are expected to be involved in regular preparation and continuous updating of sustainable mobility plans.