SubNodes tackled the weak intermodal integration of peri-urban hinterland regions to primary TEN-T rail hubs. For this, suitable medium-sized cities in these areas were to be developed into attractive intermodal secondary hubs, so called sub-nodes, which better connect the hinterland to the TEN-T rail network and offer passengers a continuous travel chain.

The project's ultimate aim was to establish the subnodes-approach in the participating regions by adopting a SubNodes-strategy, conceptualizing its implementation and testing innovative actions in real world conditions. Policy recommendations derived from this process were integrated into transport plans or spatial planning strategies of the regions.

One core joint output is the signing of a joint declaration, in which the political representatives of the partner regions agreed on key statements, such as:

  • A polycentric spatial development and the reinforcement of regional public transport systems contribute to equivalent living conditions.
  • Suitable small and medium-sized cities in Central Europe are to be developed as sub-nodes.
  • In order to strengthen territorial cohesion within and between Europe’s regions, an adequate support of secondary transport networks is necessary to the same extent as for the TEN-T core networks.


Pilot in

czech republic


Against the background of reactivating a rail track, a participation process was initiated in order to identify the mobility needs of the residents in the cities and their catchment areas and develop the most effective timetable. 

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Pilot in



The objective was pursued to develop Soemmerda as a sub-node in such a way that Erfurt as the main node will be accessible from all parts of the county. That' s why a  a feasibility study for an integrated synchronised timetable was conducted.

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Pilot in

slovenia (1)


In cooperation with Slovenian Railways, from April 2019 on trains are operating within the Podravje region, mainly between Maribor and Ptuj, which allow bicycles to be taken along.

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Pilot in

slovenia (2)


Digital information displays have been installed in Grosuplje. These serve to provide timetable or integrated travel information for buses and trains, arrivals and departures in real time, as well as useful additional information such as weather forecasts.

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Pilot in



An expansion of the Integrated Transport System in the Bratislava Region on the railway to the city Trnava was exemplarily carried out. This meant securing a common fare and ticketing system for commuters travelling between the two regions by train.

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pilot in



A computer-aided operations control system or respectively “Intermodal Transport Control System” (ITCS) was acquired and implemented for a more effective planning and management of regional public transport.

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Project in numbers






pilot actions



Project Partners

SubNodes had 9 partners from 6 Central European countries

project duration

Start Date


End Date